503-391-7441, salemlfm@hotmail.com

Primary 1

Primary Rooms:

We have two Primary Rooms that serve ages 3 through 6.  These are preschool/kindergarten classrooms that have a 1 to 10 ratio.

Students use their five senses to independently navigate around the primary classroom.  The Children's House gives the students an opportunity for repetition, working hands-on with materials demonstrated by a guide.  Students make their own choices and set their own academic pace in a prepared, structured environment.  The experience of caring for oneself and others instills a self-confidence that lasts a lifetime.  The prepared environment is made up of five main areas:

Practical Life

This area consists of basic, purposeful life skills, prepared in order to help the child gain control of movement.  There are opportunities to pour, spoon, tweeze, sort, sweep, sew, hammer and much more.  The child also learns grace and courtesy as well as a respect for their environment.


Sensorial exercises were designed by Montessori to cover every quality that can be perceived by the senses.  These qualities include size, shape, composition, texture, loudness or softness, matching, weight and temperature.  Because the exercises cover such a wide range of senses, Montessori categorized them into eight different themes: visual, tactile, baric, thermic, auditory, olfactory, gustatory and stereognostic.


All activities incorporate the use of concrete materials.  Children first learn to count to ten, and systematically progress to solving complex addition, subtraction, multiplication and division.


Through the use of a multitude of activities, a child first learns his/her phonetic sounds, phonetic reading and writing, irregular (sight) words, phonograms and blends, which leads them to fluent reading.  We also document journal keeping, creating writing, whole language and poetry.


Geography -- Starts with the concepts of water, land and air.  Montessori Geography progresses to studying the world's different regions through photographs, art, geo-molds and geography puzzles.

History -- By examining their own lifetime from birth to present, and studying their own family tree, children gain their first sense of history.  By investigating their unique history, the concept of time is brought to life.

Botany -- Assists the child in exploring the biological aspects of his/her environment.  The study of botany is child-centered, uses live plants to stimulate interest, and brings to the child an appreciation for the delicate balance of nature.

Zoology -- Children, by their very nature, are fascinated by animals.  We learn about animals and how to respect their needs, habits and characteristics.

Science Experiments -- These activities are fun, as well as hands-on.  Prediction and analysis are incorporated into each experiment as a precursor to using the scientific method.


Primary Room-Lower Ratio:

This classroom typically serves ages 2 1/2 through 5.  Students in our Lower Ratio Primary Room spend time preparing for the Primary Rooms by working on independence,  and the basics of working in a Montessori environment.  Parents often interested in this class want the aspect of a smaller class size for their child.  This class is perfect for children experiencing a school environment for the first time, children who may still be transitioning, or children who would benefit from a 1 to 5 ratio (rather than a 1 to 10 ratio in one of our Primary classes).


"Children are human beings to whom respect is due, superior to us by reason of their innocence and the greater possibilities of their future."  -Maria Montessori